Cold War Collections


American Heritage Center

The Cold War was a global event, and yet all too often Cold War studies focus on the United States and Soviet Union at the expense of other perspectives. The purpose of this guide is to highlight those collections which expose the experiences of nations beyond the United States to create a holistic image of the Cold War World. These collections draw from a wide range of documents written in/about North America, Asia, the Middle East, Africa, Europe and Central/South America and include countries such as Iran, Pakistan, Israel, Egypt, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Poland, Vietnam, Korea, Indonesia, Japan, China, Mexico, Cuba and others. Researchers should be aware that some of the collections in this guide include documents written in foreign languages such Arabic, Russian, Spanish, and Chinese.The AHC archives also contain plenty of English-language materials and many of the collections in this guide are even written by American authors, such as Foreign Correspondents, International Development Consultants, Ambassadors, Economic Advisors, lecturers, and soldiers, which offer unique insights that reflect foreign sentiment. These authors lived abroad and worked closely local leaders, artists, and politicians and their collections provide distinct international perspectives in a Cold War world.
Guide to International Perspectives on the Cold War (PDF)
Some of our prominent holdings are detailed below. Additional holdings can be located by searching our online inventories (select University of Wyoming as the institution), or by searching our online catalog.


Noteworthy Collections


Harry W. Bashore Papers

Harry Bashore (1880-1973), worked for the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation from 1906-1945 on water reclamation projects in Oregon, Washington, California and Wyoming from 1927-1933. He became assistant commissioner of the Bureauin 1933 and was in charge of all irrigation projects in the West. Bashore became commissioner in 1943 and retired in 1945 and worked as a consulting engineer. In 1952 he consulted on irrigation projects in Israel and helped to work out a treaty between Pakistan and India over the use of the Indus River.


Russell Brines Papers

Russell Brines (1911-1982) was an Associated Press journalist who covered World War II in the Philippines and Japan and also the Korean War. He was an expert on Japanese and Asian affairs and author of the book "MacArthur's Japan" (1948). Collection contains personal and professional correspondence (1924-1982); research files on Japan, Vietnam and communist expansion in Asia (1947-1982); 3 scrapbooks; 1 audiocassette tape of a memorial for Brines in Japan (1982); the manuscript for "MacArthur's Japan"; photographs of the Allied occupation of Japan after World War II, the Korean War and Brines; and miscellaneous memorabilia.


Lloyd Burlingham Papers

Lloyd Burlingham was born in Manila around 1911. He graduated from the University of Rochester in 1952 and studied at Columbia University's Russian Institute. From 1955 to 1956, he was a research assistant for American University, contributing to books on Cambodia, Laos, and Iran. He joined the United States Information Service in 1957 where he worked until 1970. During his service, he was stationed in Thailand and worked in Buenos Aires and Saigon. He served as director of public information for the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, 1961-1965. The collection consists of correspondence, newspapers and clippings, periodicals relating to foreign relations, internal memos, press releases, field notebooks, and government reports.


James Carey Papers

James Cary was a journalist and writer. As a journalist, Cary worked for the Associated Press, including working for the AP's Tokyo Bureau in the 1950s and 1960s, and also covered Nixon's 1972 trip to China. In 1962 Cary published his first book, "Japan Today: Reluctant Ally," and in the 1990s began work on several novels, including the published work, "Seeds: Search for the Descendants of Christ."


Boris Chaliapin Papers

Boris Chaliapin (1904-1979) was a Russian born artist who specialized in portraits. He was best known for the over 400 covers he drew for "Time" magazine from the 1940s to 1960s. Collection includes correspondence (1950-1970); catalog, in Russian, of 1975 one-man show in Moscow; 1972 biography, in Russian; 9 "Time" magazine cover sheets; and newspaper and magazine clippings related to Chaliapin's art.


Howard L. Chernoff Papers

Howard L. Chernoff was a newspaper and radio journalist. After an early career in Ohio newspapers, he became general manager of the West Virginia Network in 1938 and reported by radio from Europe during World War II. After the war, he moved to San Diego to be general manager of the San Diego Journal and KFMB radio and television stations. In 1965 he became assistant director of the U.S. Information Agency. Chernoff was commissioner general for the U.S. exhibit at Expo 70 in Japan. He took part in U.S. government tours of Vietnam, Outer Mongolia, and Iran.

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